Capitoline Hill
Photo credit: giuliopugliese

Capitoline Hill


The Campidoglio, also known as Capitoline Hill, is a remarkable architectural and political focal point of Rome. This historic hill, situated between the Roman Forum and the Campus Martius, has been a central location in the city since its early days and remains a hub of government and culture.

The Campidoglio's significance is deeply rooted in Roman history; it is said to have been the site of the ancient Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, one of the most important temples in ancient Rome. The hill was redesigned during the Renaissance by the renowned artist and architect Michelangelo, who created a stunning piazza at the summit, now known as the Piazza del Campidoglio.

The centerpiece of the Piazza del Campidoglio is the bronze statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius on horseback, a remarkable equestrian statue. Surrounding the square are three grand palaces: Palazzo Senatorio, Palazzo dei Conservatori, and Palazzo Nuovo, all of which house parts of the Capitoline Museums.

The Capitoline Museums are home to a rich collection of classical sculptures, ancient artifacts, and Renaissance paintings, making them a treasure trove of art and history. Among the museum's most famous sculptures is the iconic Capitoline Wolf, a symbol of the city of Rome, as well as the Dying Gaul and the Venus Capitolina, both celebrated classical sculptures.

The Campidoglio continues to serve as Rome's city hall, and the city's mayor's office is located in the Palazzo Senatorio. Its central position within Rome, along with its historical significance and the cultural riches of the Capitoline Museums, make it a compelling destination for tourists and a reminder of the enduring legacy of this ancient city.